Useful links

Take a moment to familiarize yourself with Digital Open Badges – at this page we provide you some useful links.

Practical guidelines for digital badge designers

Pakanen, L. & Sandberg, M. (2022). Badge guidelines and recommendations. VET Micro-credentialing in the Tourism Sector publication.


BadgeTour. (2023). The BadgeTour online course (5 self-study modules).


Ruhalahti, S., Cuenca, R. & Rieble-Aubourg, S. (2023). Acquiring Socio-emotional Skills through Digital Badge-Driven Learning: A Case Study of Teachers’ Experiences in Barbados and Trinidad and Tobago. Inter-American Development Bank, Discussion paper.

Brauer, S. & Korhonen, A. (2022). 360-Degree View of Digital Open Badge-Driven Learning. In D. Piedra (Ed.), Innovations in the Design and Application of Alternative Digital Credentials (pp. 95-130). IGI Global.

Brauer, S. 2020. Digital Open Badge-Driven Learning – Practical Applications to Support Validation of Prior Learning. In R. Duvekot, R., Karttunen, A., Noack, & L. Van den Brande, L. (Eds.) Making Policy Work – Validation of Prior Learning for Education and the Labour Market. Series VPL-Biennale nr. 7, 147–158. European Centre Valuation of Prior Learning & Bertelsmann Stiftung. Houten/ Berlin. 7.pdf

Kullaslahti, J., Ruhalahti, S. & Brauer, S. (2019). Professional Development of Digital Competences: Standardised Frameworks Supporting Evolving Digital Badging Practices. Journal of Siberian Federal Universities, Humanities & Social Sciences, 12(2), 175-186. (link)

Brauer, S., Ruhalahti, S. & Hallikainen, V. (2018). Digital professional learning triggers: in an online badge driven process. Education in the North, 25(1-2).

Brauer, S., Siklander, P. & Ruhalahti, S. (2017). Motivation in Digital Open Badge-Driven Learning in Vocational Teacher Education. Ammattikasvatuksen aikakauskirja, 19(3), 7–23.


Oulu ProLearn. Digital open badges and badge-driven learning.


Liisa Uusimäki from University of Gothenburg interviews Sanna Ruhalahti on Digital Open Badges. The podcast is published on