Aim of the Project

Analyze the history of experiences in the early-1990s


One of the defining characteristics of social change is the uncertainty about the future, a liminal experience. The project studies how these uncertainties, expectations and fears manifested in the lives of the citizens and what means people adopted to share and cope with the events of the time. The time frame of the study, 1989–1995, ends in the 1995 enlargement of the European Union. It approaches the topic from three interconnected perspectives, all of which are united by the experience of change. Three themes are: economic depression, neo-patriotism and the European integration.

Funded by

Research Council of Finland